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Images and Multimedia

Images and Multimedia Guide

Citing Images

Online Image



Author or Artist. (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of Work]. Physical l ocation of work if available. Retrieved from URL of website or name of  online database.

Example: Warhol, A., (1964). 16 Jackies [Painting]. Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN. Retrieved from CAMIO database.


  Author or Artist. Title of Work. Date image created. Physical location of work if available. Name of Website. Medium of Publication. Date of access.

   Example: Warhol, Andy. 16 Jackies. 1964. Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN. CAMIO Database. Web. 22 May 2010.

Image found only Online

Lantern Floating


Author or Artist if available. (Year images was created or "n.d." if no date). Title of work [Type of work]. Retrieved from URL

Example: javacolleen. (2010). Lantern Floating [Photograph]. Retrived from


Author or Artist if available. Description or title of image. Date of image. Name of Website. Medium of Publication. Date of access.

 Example: javacolleen. Lantern Floating. 2010. Flickr. Web. 2 December 2010.

Citing Video

Motion Pictures


Name of Producer (Producer), & Name of Director (Director). (Year). Title [Format]. Country of Origin: Studio.

Example 1: Zanuck, D. F. (Producer), & Mankiewicz, J. L. (Director). (1950). All about Eve [DVD]. United States: Twentieth Century Fox.

Example 2: (2001). Behind the veil: Afghan women under fundamentalism. [Video]. Films on Demand.


Title. Dir. Director Name (if available). Perf. Performer Name, Performer Name, Performer Name (if available). Distributor, Year of release. Name of online database (if applicable). Medium of Publication. Date of access.

Example 1: All About Eve. Dir. Joseph L. Mankiewicz. Perf. Bette Davis, Anne Baxter, Gary Merrill, Marylin Monroe. Twentieth Century Fox, 1950. DVD.

Example 2: Behind the Veil: Afghan Women under Fundamentalism. Films Media Group, 2001. Films on Demand. Web. 11 December 2010.



Television Episodes (DVD or Videocassette Recordings)


Name of writer (Writer) & Name of director (Director). (Year). Title of episode [Television series episode]. In Producer name (Executive producer), Series name. Location: Network.

Example: Weiner, M. (Writer), Veith, R. (Writer) & Weiner, M. (Director). (2007). The wheel [Television series episode]. In Weiner Bros. (Executive producer), Mad Men. New York, NY: AMC.


"Name of Episode." Title of Series/Title of DVD. Writ. Writer Name. Dir. Director Name. Distributor, Year. Format.

Example: "The Wheel." Mad Men: Season One. Writ. Matthew Weiner and Robin Veith. Dir. Matthew Weiner. Lions Gate, 2007. DVD.


Citing Audio

Music Recordings


Writer. (Copyright year). Title of song. [Artist name if different from the writer]. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. (Date of recording if different from song copyright date)

Example: Dylan, B. (1966). Stuck inside of Mobile with the Memphis blues again. On Blonde on blonde [CD]. New York:
Columbia. (2004)


Artist. "Title of Piece." Title of Album or Longer Work. Production Company, Year.

Example: Dylan, Bob. "Stuck Inside of Mobile with the Memphis Blues Again." Blonde on Blonde. Columbia, 1966.




Producer name (Producer). (Date). Title. [Audio Podcast]. Retrieved from URL

Example: Glass, I. (Producer). (2010, October 15). This American Life: Iraq after US [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from


Producer name. (Date). Title. Title of Podcast. Podcast retrieved from URL

Glass, Ira. (2010, October 15). Iraq after US. This American Life. Podcast retrieved from

Citing vs. Attributing

Any images you will be using in a scholarly work should be cited according to the requirements of your format style (APA, MLA, etc.). You may attribute an image or visual media source, instead of fully citing it, in papers, presentations, or other formats that do not require a specific publication style (APA, MLA, etc.). (Adapted from University of California Irvine Libraries)

What to include in an attribution:

  • Creator of the work
  • Title of the work
  • Year(s) when it was completed/composed
  • Materials
  • Physical location of the work, if available
  • Date you retrieved/viewed the work
  • The website from which you retrieved the work (a hyperlink, if the format allows)
  • Type of Creative Commons license, if available.

For example:

 Mt. St. Helens by JBS (2010). (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)






 Pelvis IV by Georgia O'Keeffe. (1944). Oil on board. Georgia O'Keeffe Museum. 

©2014 St. Catherine University Library, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA