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APA Style 7th Edition Resource Guide

A resource to help you with your APA citations.

What is an In-Text Citation?

The in-text citation appears within the body of the paper and briefly identifies the cited work by its author and date of publication. This enables readers to locate the corresponding entry in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the paper. In-text citations have two formats:

  • A parenthetical citation puts the author and year in parentheses following the content being cited.
  • A narrative citation uses the author’s name in the body of the paper with the year in parentheses immediately following the author name (see examples in the box below).

The author and date in the in-text citation must match the author and date in the corresponding reference entry!

Creating In-Text Citations (from the APA Style Website)

Author Parenthetical citation Narrative citation

One author

(Puckett, 2017) Puckett (2017)
Two authors (Dvorak & Hernandez-Ruiz, 2019) Dvorak and Hernandez-Ruiz (2019)
Three or more authors (Locke et al., 2010) Locke et al. (2010)

Group author with abbreviation

  First citation


Subsequent citation 


(National Association of Social Workers [NASW], 2019)

(NASW, 2019)


National Association of Social Workers (NASW, 2019)

NASW (2019)

Group author without abbreviation (St. Catherine University, 2020) St. Catherine University (2020)

Other In-Text Situations

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